Ghunna Rules | Ghunna letters

Ghunna Rules | Ghunna letters

Ghunna is one of the Tajweed Quran rules that helps reciters pronounce some letters well. ‘Ā’ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) that Prophet Muhammed (Peace be upon him) said that: “the one who recites the noble Quran proficiently will be in the company of the noble and obedient angles”.
This prompts Muslims to learn how to recite Quran perfectly, so they have to learn Tajweed rules because reading Quran is a noble worship.
Muslims can’t read the Quran without knowledge of Arabic Alphabet and Tajweed rules. Tajweed rules will teach you when you have to pronounce the letter clearly, hide it or mix it with other letters. Tajweed in Quran equals Phonetics in English.
To understand this article, you should have knowledge of the pronunciation of Arabic letters. If you don’t have Arabic previous knowledge, You can submit one of the Muslimoon Academy Arabic courses. Noorani Qaida Course will help to learn how to read Arabic proficiently.

What is the Ghunnah (الغُنَّة)?

One of the most popular rules in Tajweed is Ghunnah, which is the sound given out of the nasal cavity, particularly when articulating the letters Noon نون and Meem ميم.
Producing Ghunnah in Quran depends on opening the nostril. To apply this rule fluently, you should recite Quran with Tajweed. Ghunna Rules | Ghunna Letters are from the most popular Tajweed rules.

What is Shaddah?

Shaddah is one of Arabic tashkeel (diacritics) that exits on the letter. Shaddah symbol means there are two mixed letters the first one with sukoon and the second one with either Fatha (ــَ) or kasrah(ـــِ) or dammah(ـــُ).in other words Shaddah squeezes adjacent double letters into one single Mushadad letter.
Shaddah شدَّة  looks like the letter (W) in English. It makes writing easier as we put it to refer to two letters instead of writing the same letter two times one with Sukoon that is followed by the other with Harakah.
The word شَدَّة itself contains shaddah on the letter دَّ which means the first letter with Sukoon دْ and the second one with fatha دَ. Arabs press these two letters into one with the help of Shaddah indication. So, the right way of writing this word is شَدَّة instead of  شَدْدَة.
You can also hear the word Tashdeed تشديد which is used to refer to shaddah. Tashdeed is the verbal noun of the word Shaddah, and they have the same meaning.

The relationship between Shaddah and Ghunnah Rules

Ghunna is a Quality of meem and noon, especially when they have shaddah. In other words, Ghunnah takes place in the above letters when they are Mushaddad or with shaddah above them. In this case, the reader has to make Ghunnah for two beats.
Some people say that two counts equal two seconds and this is wrong as speakers vary their speed speakers, so counts hear refers to giving the Ghunnah the time of the pronunciation of two letters.
Furthermore, during your learning Quran with Tajweed, you will run into a rule that is called merging or Idgham إِدْغَام

What is Idgham? What is Merging?| Ghunnah Rules in Idgham

What is Idgham?| Ghunnah Rules | Ghunna Letters
In Tajweed, there are 4 rules relating to what occurs when noon Sakenah (نْ) is followed by another letter or when a letter is accompanied with Tanween (ـــً، ٍــ، ــــٌ) is followed by another letter.
Noon that is accompanied with sukoon has the same rules as Tanween because tanween is noon sakenah that is pronounced but not written.
Idgham happens in 2 of the above four rules, so we are keen on these two types, namely: Idgham with Ghunnah and Idgham without Ghunnah.

What are Idgham Letters?  |

Idgham consists of 2 types one has two letters and the other has 4 all of them are collected in the word يَرْمَلُون.

Theoretical Interactive Tajweed Course from Muslim Academy.
Theoretical Interactive Tajweed Course from Muslim Academy.
What is Merging – Idgham (إدغام) with Ghunnah?

Idgham with Ghunnah is a rule of Noon Sakinah and Tanween. If any of these (ي، ن، م، و) letters come after noon sakinah or a letter accompanied with tanween_ Idgham with Ghunnah happens. In the case of Idgham with Ghunnah, you will merge the pronunciation of Noon Sakinah or the letter accompanied with Tanween with its following letter to produce an emphasized one letter and the Ghunnah appears between the pronunciation of the two letters.

Ghunna Rules | Ghunna letters
Ghunna Rules | Ghunna letters
What is Merging– Idgham without Ghunnah?

Merging without ghunnah happens if noon sakinah or the letter accompanied with tanween is followed by the letter Raa ر or letter lam.
Occurring of Idgham without Ghunnah means that the Ghunnah sound of Tanweenً and Noon Skainah نْ will be eliminated entirely.

Idgham without Ghunna
Ghunna Rules | Ghunna Letters | Idgham without Ghunna

If you want to make noticeable progress in your reciting Quran, learn the above Ghunna rules | Ghunna Letters and practice them as necessary.
In order to delve deeply into Tajweed rules, you can take a look at our Tajweed Online Courses to learn with native Arab tutors how to recite Quran with Tajweed.
At Muslimoon Academy, we have skillful tutors who have made a great effort to make Online Tajweed classes easier and more enjoyable for our online learners.
We provide Quran Recitation courses, Quran Memorization courses, Arabic Courses, and Islamic Studies courses for all ages and levels.
We have gone to great lengths to simplify these tasks by using tables, examples, activities, and even animated videos. For a better learning experience, recognize our Theoretical Tajweed Classes.

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